The Pros and Cons of Central Air Conditioning

There are numerous different ways to keep your home cool – from rotating fans, evaporative coolers to room air conditioners. And each cooling technique has a unique set of pros and cons.

A particularly ideal cooling technique for a home is central air conditioning, which is especially useful for homes located in areas where it is mostly warm throughout the year. Coupled with advancements in technology that allow you to transform your house into a fully automated smart home, central air conditioning can ensure that your house is cool and comfortable for its inhabitants year-round.  

But what exactly is central air conditioning, and what are its benefits? Read on to find out more.

Central Air Conditioning: A Quick Overview

A central air conditioner can cool multiple spaces at the same time. It does this by circulating cold air through a network of supply and return ducts. A supply duct blows cool air into different areas of a home. As the cool air continues to circulate through the home, it gradually grows warmer, at which point this warm air flows into return ducts in order to be cooled by the central air conditioner again.

Central air conditioning systems come in two different forms: as a packaged unit or as a split-system unit.

What is Split-System Central Air Conditioning?

A split-system central air conditioner consists of two parts: an outdoor metal cabinet and an indoor cabinet. The condenser and compressor are found in the outdoor unit, while the evaporator is contained in the indoor unit.

This type of central air conditioning is particularly ideal if your home already has an existing furnace

What is Packaged Central Air Conditioning?

Unlike the split-system central air conditioner, a packaged central air conditioner has all of its components contained in just one cabinet. The condenser, evaporator, and compressor can all be found in the same place, often outdoors on either the roof or an area near the building’s foundation.

For structures that have limited space, this can be an ideal form of central air conditioning, and is a popular option for small to medium-sized commercial buildings.

What are the Benefits of Central Air Conditioning?

A central air conditioner, whether it’s a split-system or packaged type, provides consistent temperature all around your home, all year-long.  

At the same time, central air conditioning can improve the air quality inside your home, as it does more than cool the air. Air filters built into these central air conditioners can also purify the air that passes through them. If you live in an environment that is particularly humid, a central air conditioner can even lower the humidity level inside your home, ultimately making it a place that’s more comfortable for you and your family.

What are the Disadvantages of Central Air Conditioning?

Expect your electric bill to increase dramatically with central air conditioning, especially if you have a particularly large home.

Additionally, installing central air conditioning will require extensive ductwork for your home. This shouldn’t be a problem if your house already has an existing duct system, such as a furnace. Otherwise, your willingness to install ductwork into your home is something you should think about before deciding to get central air conditioning.

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